Updated: Mar 7, 2021
Activities are the fundamental elements of the project.
These are the lowest level of WBS structure. Let us understand about activities in detail in this chapter.
Use the activity table or activity network layout to add activities. Activity information can be defined in the activity details at the bottom layout of the activities window.
Go to General tab of the activity details section and for any selected activity, you can change/modify the information of the activity like you can define or choose the activity type from options
Level of Effort
You can then select the Duration type from the below options:
Fixed duration &units
Fixed duration &units/time
% Complete Type:
This will define how to calculate an activity’s percent complete, to choose among duration, physical and Units.
You can select the existing calendars for your project or else you can create a new calendar as per the requirement
You can also change the assigned WBS element by clicking the browse option.
Assign the responsible manager for each activity from the existing OBS using this function.
You can select the resources as per the requirement of the project, the primary resource is the person responsible for the overall work on the activity and for updating activity status.
You can click on the display options bar to select and filter all the active resources before assigning the resources.
“Status” Tab :
Here we have details of duration, status,constraints, labor units and floats
“Relationships” Tab :
Predecessor and successor relationships – here we can define relationships with other activities in the same project or in different projects in the enterprise project structure (EPS).
In the predecessor or successor layouts, click on “assign” to relate any activity as the predecessor or the successor.
After assigning, you need to select the relationship type from the drop down options of Finish to Finish, Finish to Start, Start to start, Start to finish.
Lag is the number of time duration units from the start or finish of an activity to the start or finish of its successor, it can be either positive or negative. Positive lag will be used for activity to start no. of days after the start of its predecessor.
You can select a calendar to calculate the lag between predecessors and successors among activities.
To display the relationships on the activity layout, Click the Layout Options bar, then choose Bars. Click Options in the Bars dialog box. Click the General tab in the Bar Chart Options dialog box and mark the Show Relationships checkbox, then click OK.
Directly click the relationships icon in the menu bar.
This is how, it will look like when you click on the icon to display the relationships. Place the mouse to the left or right end of the activity bar and drag the mouse between any two activities that you want to connect. The mouse pointer changes to a as you define relationships.
You can view the network view by selecting the network layout from the menu bar.
“Activity codes” Tab:
Click the Codes tab in Activity Details. Click Assign. Select the activity code value you want to assign. If you want to assign multiple codes and values, hold down the Ctrl key, then click each code value. Click the Select button, then click Close.
You can maintain Notes about performing the activity. You can as well categorize them by topic wise. This will provide additional information that further describes the activity.
Activity can be further divided into smaller units called steps. You can apply a weightage to each step, which can be linked to the activity’s physical percent complete for the completed steps.
This will allow you to exchange notes with an activity’s primary resource.
“WPs & Docs” Tab:
This will enable you to catalog and track all project-related work products and documents. You can click on assign and browse the document for uploading.
All one-time expenditures can be defined and associated here with the predefined cost accounts.
This displays all the detailed cost and unit information for the selected activity.
Modify Activity Details tabs:
If you need to modify activity details, go to the Activities window, click the Layout Options bar, then choose Show on Bottom, Activity Details. Click the Layout Options bar, then choose Bottom Layout Options. In the Available Tabs column, click the tab that you want to display, then click the right arrow button to add to the display. To shift the tab to the left in the Activity Details display, select the tab name in the Display Tabs column and click the up arrow button; to shift the tab to the right in